A series of infographics providing information about FAIRWAY's major research themes and results, drinking water quality issues in the case studies and practices and approaches of proven benefit. Most of these infographics were designed by the case studes in communication with their stakeholders to explain local water quality issues and describe recommended practices.
Infographics relating to the main research themes addressed by FAIRWAY
Best practises to reduce agricultural related pesticide pollution of ground water and surface water resources.
Decision support tools
Decision support tools help farmers and their advisers apply the right amount of nutrients at times when crops can use them most effectively.
Successful decision support tools designed to help reduce pollution of water resources should fulfil a number of criteria relating to their access, use, functionality and output.
Environmental Yardstick is a decision support tool that shows the environmental impact of pesticides permitted on the Dutch market. For each crop there is an accompanying environmental impact sheet with all pesticides that can be applied. It enables the user to compart and choose the least harmful crop protection strategy.
Denmark has achieved great sucess in water protection in the past decades. Land size and farm structure of Denmark and Lower Saxony are quite comparable. Application of Danish fertilization legislation on farms in Lower Saxony by using a Danish Decison Support Tool. Do farms in Lower Saxony meet Danish requirements?
Policy and governance
Agricultural pollution by nitrates and pesticides from agriculture is one of the main obstacles to meeting drinking water quality targets in the EU. To successfully prevent and manage diffuse pollution, legal and policy frameworks need to be coherent and consistent.
An extensive EU framework on agriculture and protection of drinking water resources exists. We analyzed the effectiveness of these regulationstowards attaining water quality objectives at local level.
Science and policy support
Barriers and solutions in science and policy interaction.
Potential synergies for evidence-based practices for reducing nitrate and pesticide pollution of drinking water resources.
Infographics relating to the FAIRWAY case studies
Case Studies 1 & 2: Island Tunø & Aalborg, Denmark
How protection zones and land management restored nitrate contaminated groundwater on the Island of Tunø
Tunø is an example of successful groundwater protection on a small island with one small waterworks where the aquifer is vulnerable to nitrate pollution and salt-water intrusion. The case provides valuable lessons learned.
How protection zones and different mitigation measures restore contaminated groundwater in the Kongshøj area in Aalborg
Since 2004 mitigation measures have included general regulations, set-aside or reduced use of N fertilization, afforestation, campaign on correct use of herbicides.
Five working hypotheses have been developed to assist the various groups of stakeholders achieve a common goal.
Based on practical experience, three Danish farmers from the FAIRWAY case study of Aalborg make recommendations which they believe can ease groundwater protection processes when nitrate and /or pesticide restrictions are discussed for agricultural land.
Case Study 3: Anglian Region, England
In the predominantly arable Anglian Region (England) the drinking water company has funded a number of Catchment Officers responsible for reducing the amount of pesticides, particularly metaldehyde, reaching water treatment works. This case study focuses on: the social science lessons behind two approaches to reducing on-farm pesticide use; collecting comparable data in a third control area with metaldehyde challenges; testing a third ‘new network engagement’ approach.
Case Study 5: Lower Saxony, Germany
In Lower Saxony the public advisory authority for agriculture has initiated a program that aims at closing nutrient cycles on supra-regional scale. "Farm Manure Management" examines the (potential) export of farm manure from regions with intensive pig and poultry farming to arable farming regions.
Case Study 9: Noord-Brabant, Netherlands
In Noord-Brabant the use of pesticides is a threat to ground water in some of the drinking water abstraction areas. A simple contract has been made between farmers and the province including an agreement on reduced use of pesticides. The farmers take measures and (try to) implement innovations and new techniques, they choose pesticides with low environmental impact and register their pesticide use. The municipalities have reduced their pesticide use to zero on hard surfaces and they aim for zero use in parks, sport pitches and golf areas.***
As part of the Clean Water project, farmers are supported to get rid of outdated and leftover pesticides without obligation. It prevents unnecessary use or discharge of these chemicals. This approach is very successful and is now used in projects throughout the Netherlands.
Case Study 10: Vansjø, Norway
Vansjø is a complex lake-river system with varying long-term nutrient loads. The aim is to elucidate for the various stakeholders the possible effects on drinking water quality of modelled scenarios in which climate change, agricultural land use and the water regulation scheme are changed.
Case Study 11: Baixo Mondejo, Portugal
In Baixo Mondego the soils are being used as a medium to dispose of organic waste within a circular economy strategy that aims to close energy and matter loops at the local scale. However, this is not done without risk, and the addition of residues to the soil has to be controlled in order to keep under the legal pollutant concentration limits for both ground and surface water, all year round and particularly during the summer dry period.
Case Study 12: Arges Vedea, Romania
The area of Arges-Vedea (Romania) is affected by high nitrate concentration in the groundwater. About 75% of drinking water is taken from private wells located on household sites. Most of the households have animals and very rudimentary manure storage facilities so the main pollution sources for nitrates is animal waste. A World Bank project related to “Integrated Control of Fertilizer Use” is being implemented with the objectives of developing measures to mitigate the nitrate flow to surface and groundwater.
The fertilization plan is accomplished for a period of 4-5 years for crops within acertain rotation at farm level and contains economic optimum doses (for amaximum economic benefit) and technical doses (for maintaining soil fertility).The fertilization plan is carried out going through three stages: the field stage,laboratory stage and desk stage.
Case Study 13: Dravsko Polje, Slovenia
FAIRWAY opens new areas of research into the organisation of multi-actor platforms and contributing to the formalisation of current occasional meetings between farmers and government.